Committee: General Assembly
Topic: Arms Race in Space
Country: Hellenic Republic
Delegate: Ted Gill, Yarmouth High School
“At its 25th meeting, on 30 October, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/C.1/55/L.25 by a recorded vote of 154 to none, with 2 abstentions” (http://www.un.org/documents/ga/docs/55/a55558.pdf
Along with the entirety of the United Nations General Assembly, aside from Israel and the United States, Greece signed the item “Prevention of an arms race in outer space” in 2002. The treaty begins by declaring that those countries involved recognize the common interest of all mankind in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes. Greece respectfully acknowledges the fact that so few nations of the world have access to space, and disapproves of nations that exploit this technological advantage in fields such as military and security. Until just recently, Greece itself did not have access to space. Greece understands the plight of those countries without space technology, and feels that the resolution we pass should both prevent extraplanetary elitism and support the peaceful utilization of space.
It wasn’t until March 22 of 2005 that Greece became the 16th nation of the European Space Agency. That means that apart from the 16 represented in the ESA, the only other nations with space technology are the USA, Russia, China, Japan, and India. It is natural for an individual, party, or country to exploit any advantages it possesses, but when this advantage begins to pose a security risk for other states, then intervention must take place. Unfortunately, the placement of a simple photo-satellite can pose a massive advantage over a country that has no such satellite. As during the Cold War terror of the mere consideration that Sputnik could have been photographing secrets of the world, there are now even more of these photographic satellites in orbit of the planet Earth, and there must be some restriction on this intelligence vehicle.
However, there is such thing as peaceful utilization of outer space and celestial bodies. A brilliant example of this is the International Space Station, to which 10 European countries are giving resources. The ISS shows that countries can work together to achieve a peaceful coexistence in the skies above. A possible long-term goal for the global nations to strive for would be a lunar embassy. If the global community can aid smaller, yet important nonetheless, nations in reaching space technology (when deemed stabile) could be greatly beneficial to the nations of the world, if security is kept in mind. This long-term goal could create a sense of achievement that would boost the morale of countries world-wide. However, until extraplanetary security is established, the peaceful utilization of space should be put on hold.
The solution to the problem is complex. It is key to maintain a balance between vital security of the planet, and removing unnecessary advantages from space-capable states. The suggested solution that Greece proposes is as follows:
• Assertion: Ensure there are no volatile nations or groups with space capabilities that could pose a threat to global security or that of an individual nation.
• Moderation: While slowly removing intelligence advantages from space-capable nations, begin to create a more universal space community among stable states. Also, work on removing all weaponry (missiles, lasers) from space, along with permanently banning space weapons testing.
• Completion: Create global pride with a universal space community, while monitoring the space projects in effect by each space-capable nation.
Hopefully, this plan will help to achieve a high global morale among nations, possibly make way for new economic venues, and increase the sense of peace and community among nations of the world. By working together, countries will be much less likely to work against each other. We have already recognized, with the original conception of the ISS, that this will benefit the nations of the world. However, before we can get started on these lofty goals, we must do the dirty work: get rid of nuclear arsenals in space, and create a greater equality between the space-capable states and the space-incapable ones. Once we have achieved a weapons-free zone in space, we can start expanding the space community.