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 Post subject: NPT
PostPosted: Thu May 12, 2005 12:38 pm 
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Joined: Mon Nov 29, 2004 6:04 pm
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Location: Yarmouth Maine
What do you guys think?

Ted Gill wrote:
Committee: General Assembly
Topic: Nuclear Non Proliferation
Country: Hellenic Republic
Delegate: Ted Gill, Yarmouth High School

“I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought with, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” ~ Albert Einstein

When Albert Einstein helped the United States gain the atomic bomb during World War II, he well knew what he was getting the world into. His prophecy of the death and rebirth of the world has not yet occurred, but if nuclear weapons continue to go unchecked in the hands of terrorists worldwide, then there is a great chance that this will take place, possibly wiping out the human race. Greece respectfully opposes the future growth of the nuclear weapons industry, supports the right of the five nuclear powers who are signatories of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to maintain their arms until they can be safely disposed of (without global security repercussions), and wishes to see a reformed use of nuclear energy in the world.

Proliferation is defined as “growth as if by rapid reproduction of new parts, cells, buds, or offspring.” What this means in context to nuclear weaponry is that the father countries of nuclear weapons and nuclear energy, particularly WWII-era USA, Germany, and Russia, have unwillingly given nuclear energy to the countries that developed nuclear weapons by previous design. Unfortunately, these weapons have found their ways into the hands of terrorists, and even faux nuclear weapons can be used to expend United Nation resources (i.e. Saddam Hussein inciting the United States to launch a fruitless search for WMD in Iraq). Greece is a proud signatory of the NPT and has signed and ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Greece has no intent to manufacture nuclear weapons, and condemns those states that utilize these weapons of mass destruction.

Greece is a member of the Organization for Economic-Cooperation and Development’s Nuclear Energy Agency. The agency’s mission is to use global cooperation to find a safe, ecological, and economical usage for nuclear power. Alongside Australia, Austria, Denmark, Ireland and Norway, Greece has no nuclear power plants utilized, and implements restrictions for the future construction of such plants. Like many other countries in the eastern area of Europe, Greece was affected by the meltdown at Chernobyl. However, if reforms can take place that will ensure the safety and prevention of future meltdowns, Greece does support the right of a country to utilize nuclear power in an environmentally friendly and safe fashion.

However, simply arguing over the issue is not going to solve it. A solution must be found to the issue of nuclear weapons and power before it becomes a crisis. Greece’s proposition of a resolution consists of three steps:

• Countries in possession of nuclear weapons who are not signatories of the NPT make steps to deactivate their entire nuclear arsenals. Meanwhile the five nuclear powers signing the NPT act as guardians to ensure that steps are made to do this.

• When threatening groups (terrorist organizations and volatile countries) have reduced nuclear arsenals, USA, Russia, UK, China, and France reduce their nuclear arsenals to a bare minimum, and make those weapons the exclusive domain of the Security Council, with an 80% majority decision required to utilize them.

• Use communication and cooperation to establish a global standard for safety, ecology, and economy of nuclear power. When this occurs, steps shall be taken to make this form of nuclear power available to all nations deemed stabile enough to handle the responsibility.

When all is said and done, nuclear weapons and power pose both an awesome power and an awesome responsibility. In the wrong hands, nuclear capabilities can pose a threat to the world that the United Nations seeks to create. But in the right hands, they can make our world a better place. The only issue that resides is to define who can handle nuclear capabilities. As Walter Goodman said, “The idea of an all-out nuclear war is unsettling.” It is our duty to ensure that this never happens.

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