Oh, well, if a sense of humor is required for this, then I guess I'm out.
Where did "this is another fine mess you've gotten us into" come from?
By the by, the "church and state" question, I thought, was going to be almost too easy. It was almost a joke, because I thought it was
common knowledge. Oh well, that just means I've been at this too long....
First coined by the 17th century Baptist leader Roger Williams who, in 1636, founded Rhode Island, the phrase "separation of church and state" was used by both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison (the father of the Constitution), to describe the meaning of the Constitution's religion clauses.
~ Barbara A. Simon, Esq.
When they have opened a gap in the hedge or wall of separation between the garden of the Church and the wilderness of the world, God hath ever broke down the wall itself, removed the candlestick, and made his garden a wilderness, as at this day. And that there fore if He will eer please to restore His garden and paradise again, it must of necessity be walled in peculiarly unto Himself from the world...
~ Roger Williams
I contemplate with solemn reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should "make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation between Church and State.
~ Thomas Jefferson, Jefferson Writings, Merrill D. Peterson, ed. (NY: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1984), p. 510, January 1, 1802 [letter to the Danbury (Conn.) Baptist Association]